The internet is not a virtual world anymore; the internet makes our life a connected life. So should we abandon anonymity? Let’s take the problem from a different point of view: in the “unconnected” life, you can publish and talk anonymously if you want to. It’s not easy, or usual, but it’s sometimes necessary, because there can’t be democracy without protected places. When we vote, we need to be anonymous, when you criticize a regime (even a democratic one), an institution, or a company you sometimes need to be anonymous to protect yourself (especially when you work there). Transparency sometimes needs a little “non-transparence,” which means anonymous talk, to help information emerge. In real life, some tools are available to protect our identities and generate those private areas that are essential to a balanced life and society. We need to find these new private areas, these new “secret squares,” for the connected life. But, as in real life, anonymity has to be the exception, not the rule.
So, yes, the question of “real names” is outdated. The real question should be: now that Facebook, Twitter and Google+ have become public spaces where people can meet to share or to protest, is there a danger in housing theses public places in the exclusive hands of private companies? If “Internet” is a new country, then who will protect freedom in its public places ?